The TEST OF GROSS MOTOR DEVELOPMENT developed by Dale A. Ulrich does not measure performance, but classifies motor coordination based on given observation criteria.

The 12 tasks can be divided into two groups: locomotor and object control tasks.

Tests for locomotion include:

  1. run
  2. gallop
  3. hop
  4. leap
  5. horizontal jump
  6. slide

The object control tests include:

  1. striking a stationary ball
  2. stationary dribble
  3. catch
  4. kick
  5. overhand throw
  6. underhand roll


Ulrich DA. (2000). Test of gross motor development-2. Austin: Prod-Ed.

Cepicka L.
Normative data for the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 in 7-yr.-old children in the Czech Republic
Perceptual and Motor Skills, 2010, 110, 3, 1048-1052.

Jiang GP, Jiao XB, Wu SK, Ji ZQ, Liu WT, Chen X, Wang HH.
Balance, proprioception, and gross motor development of Chinese children aged 3 to 6 years.
J Mot Behav. 2018;50(3):343-352.

Issartel J, McGrane B, Fletcher R, O'Brien W, Powell D, Belton S.
A cross-validation study of the TGMD-2: The case of an adolescent population.
J Sci Med Sport. 2017;20(5):475-479.